Between the two large heat sinks are several semiconductor crystals. A temperature differential between the two heat sinks causes a current to flow. This is show with the aid of the propeller connected to a DC motor. When the heat sinks are inverted, first the propeller stops and then reverses direction of rotation.

Exploring the Nanoworld   |   MRSEC Nanostructured Interfaces
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This page created by George Lisensky, Beloit College.  Last modified July 25, 2008 .